From “Calling all” – a book-essay about Tarnovo HAM club with author Sevar Zagorchinov
Village priest of Turin Mine (now city Krasnoturinsk) in northern Urals at all did not suspect that the little creature that he was born on March 16, 1859, will become one of the greatest inventors. Not suspected when little Sasha hours leafing through the yellowed pages of “The History of shipwrecks ” or when excited, bright-eyed, returns from the local metallurgical plant, spent long between machines. No. priest seen in the person of his son only successor of his title and so I enrolled in seminary Perm.
Alexander was a good student, but between the church and philosophical books in his locker could be found and textbooks on physics, mathematics, electrical engineering. And the natural inclination of 18-year-old after completing the initial spiritual education takes him in physico-mathematical faculty of St. Petersburg University.
Graduated excellent higher education in 1882, he became professor of physics at Kronstadt officer school. This is, among many, first quality and the most advanced weather equipment and machines to the physical office, was born one of the greatest achievements in the world of science and technology – the radio.
On May 7, 1895 becomes an event that attracts great attention to St. Petersburg scientists circles: the members of the Russian “Physico-Chemical Society” Popov delivered a report at the conclusion of which it is said: “I express the hope that my device at further improvement can be used for the signal transmission distance with fast electrical oscillations, if only to find the source of such fluctuations, which have enough energy.” Together with the report Popov demonstrated his first successor.
Two months after Popov built radio (called a “burezapisvach”), which is operated by atmospheric electrical discharges in March next year in the ether (although only 250 meters away) rang two words “Heinrich Hertz” in the first world radio.
In the same year in attempts by ship and reached 640 meters away, and soon five kilometers, but real, serious radio taken Popov message that his first assistant Ribkin adopt: “24/01/1900 , the 2 hours and 15 minutes. Near commander “Ermak”. About Lavensaara sea hijack boat with fishermen. Help. Abel.”F irst SOS, which saves the lives of 27 nautical laborers. Countless times since 1900, the SOS is vibrated alarmingly in the air and has saved thousands of people. And even these three points are worthy of a laurel wreath of the great Russian scientist and designer.
As we said, these winter days of 1900 mark the beginning of the victory over the pa radio space.
Lonely ice between the village Hohland stuck still big, gray body of the battleship “Admiral General Apraksin”. Rescue running slow and difficult without a permanent connection between the island and the emergency in the city of Kotka.
Establish such a connection Popov and his people. Ribkin a group of specialist technicians and telegraph rises high radio masts on the island, and Popov organized a radio station in the town of Kotka. So between the battleship and drought, a distance of about 50 km over three months, the duration, rescue operations, has delivered over 400 radiograms. Also here is adopted and the first rescue radio, which was mentioned above.
Tirelessly hard, enthusiastically and effectively Popov worked 18 years in Kronstadt officer school, leaving only in 1901, taking the department of physics at the St. Petersburg Electrotechnical Institute.
Tsushimska tragedy severely affecting the health and spirit of Popov, because in it he lost dozens of employees, teachers, friends. In 1905 brutal Interior Minister Durnov not once urging Popov, who is now director of the Institute, recruit or insert between pupils secret police agents. Popov resolutely rejects all demands of Durnov, but their last meeting on December 31, 1905 is very turbulent; followed cerebral hemorrhage of the great Russian scientist, inventor and designer, and he died the same day at 5:00 pm.
In his not so long life Popov runs in constant and useful to humanity work. This life is not run smoothly: facilities for laboratories, and industrial activities in connection with the development of the radio is too poor standing and dishonest maneuvers of the Italian Marconi, who in 1896 patented in England similar to the Priest and invention in 1897. based “Wireless telegraph Company and signaling” with 100,000 pounds sterling capital much trouble the Russian inventor and appreciation for the work of myopic and corrupt officials and rulers often weary spirit. Yet everything Popov did not allocate shoulders not bring the head does not bend to the difficulties and hardships, and walking briskly and bravely .
But to talk about Alexander Stepanovich Popov only as a scientist and inventor would not be fair. We should definitely stop their attention on great patriot Popov, who rejects anger promising foreign capitalists sought to force him to leave his homeland and work for them. He replied briefly restrained but clear: “I am a Russian man and all their knowledge, all their work, all their achievements have the right to pay only their homeland. “I am proud that I was born a Russian, and if not contemporaries, then perhaps our descendants will appreciate how great is my attachment to the homeland and how happy I am that it abroad and in Russia found a new tool for communication.”
Such a creative and bright personality was the inventor of radio, Alexander Stepanovich Popov.